In my last post on Arch Installation Guide , We installed the base system and we can now login into our new system as root using the password that we set.
Please see my latest post on installing Arch linux with Gnome 3 for an upto date version of this guide.
Now, we will proceed further to install the Plasma 5 desktop.
$USERNAME per your liking. I chose
ssingh, so in future commands
whenever you see
ssingh please replace it with your
useradd -m -G wheel -s /bin/bash $USERNAME chfn --full-name "$FULL_NAME" $USERNAME passwd $USERNAME
Network should be setup at the start. Check the status of network using:
ping google.com -c 2 $ PING google.com (10.38.24.84) 56(84) bytes of data. 64 bytes from google.com (10.38.24.84): icmp_seq=1 ttl=64 time=0.022 ms 64 bytes from google.com (10.38.24.84): icmp_seq=2 ttl=64 time=0.023 ms $ --- google.com ping statistics --- 2 packets transmitted, 2 received, 0% packet loss, time 999ms rtt min/avg/max/mdev = 0.022/0.022/0.023/0.004 ms $
If you do not get this output, please follow the troubleshooting links at arch wiki on setting up network.
I will be assuming you have an NVIDIA card for graphics installation.
To setup a graphical desktop, first we need to install some basic X related packages, and some essential packages (including fonts):
pacman -S xorg-server xorg-server-utils nvidia nvidia-libgl
To avoid the possibility of forgetting to update your initramfs after an nvidia upgrade, you have to use a pacman hook like this:
vim /etc/pacman.d/hooks/nvidia.hook $ ... [Trigger] Operation=Install Operation=Upgrade Operation=Remove Type=Package Target=nvidia [Action] Depends=mkinitcpio When=PostTransaction Exec=/usr/bin/mkinitcpio -p linux ... $
Nvidia has a daemon that is to be run at boot. To start the persistence
daemon at boot, enable the
systemctl enable nvidia-persistenced.service systemctl start nvidia-persistenced.service
To avoid screen tearing in KDE (KWin), add following:
vim /etc/profile.d/kwin.sh $ ... export __GL_YIELD="USLEEP" ...
If this does not help please try adding the following instead -
vim /etc/profile.d/kwin.sh $ ... export KWIN_TRIPLE_BUFFER=1 ...
Do not have both of the above enabled at the same time. Please look at Arch Wiki for additional details.
Now continue installing remaining important packages for the GUI.
pacman -S mesa ttf-hack ttf-anonymous-pro pacman -S tlp tlp-rdw acpi_call bash-completion git meld pacman -S ttf-dejavu ttf-freefont ttf-liberation
Now, we will install the packages related to Plasma 5:
pacman -S plasma-meta kf5 kdebase kdeutils kde-applications pacman -S kdegraphics gwenview
Now we have to setup a display manager. I chose recommended SDDM for plasma 5.
pacman -S sddm sddm-kcm vim /etc/sddm.conf ... [Theme] # Current theme name Current=breeze # Cursor theme CursorTheme=breeze_cursors ... systemctl enable sddm
Also make sure that network manager starts at boot:
systemctl disable dhcpcd.service systemctl enable NetworkManager
This is pretty simple. Install following packages and you should be done:
pacman -S alsa-utils pulseaudio pulseaudio-alsa libcanberra-pulse pacman -S libcanberra-gstreamer jack2-dbus kmix pacman -S mpv mplayer
This part is optional and you can choose as per your taste. Sync time
vim /etc/systemd/timesyncd.conf $ ... [Time] NTP=0.arch.pool.ntp.org 1.arch.pool.ntp.org 2.arch.pool.ntp.org 3.arch.pool.ntp.org FallbackNTP=0.pool.ntp.org 1.pool.ntp.org 0.fr.pool.ntp.org ... $ timedatectl set-ntp true timedatectl status $ ... Local time: Tue 2016-09-20 16:40:44 PDT Universal time: Tue 2016-09-20 23:40:44 UTC RTC time: Tue 2016-09-20 23:40:44 Time zone: US/Pacific (PDT, -0700) Network time on: yes NTP synchronized: yes RTC in local TZ: no ... $
On Plasma 5, It is recommended to enable no-bitmaps to improve the font rendering:
sudo ln -s /etc/fonts/conf.avail/70-no-bitmaps.conf /etc/fonts/conf.d
If you use vim as your primary editor, you may find this vimrc quite useful.
That's It. You are done. Start playing your new beautiful desktop. Please leave your comments with suggestions or any word of appreciation if this has been of any help to you.
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